ISSN : 2146-3123
E-ISSN : 2146-3131

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News See All

FDA approved the first drug in the U.S. with a digital ingestion tracking system. The pill has an ingestible sensor embedded in the pill that records that the medication was taken. The sensor of the pill sends a message to a wearable patch that transmits the information to a mobile application so that patients can track the ingestion of the medication on their smart phone. https://www.fda.gov/NewsEvents/Newsroom/PressAnnouncements/ucm584933.htm
American Institute for Cancer Research (AICR) and World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF) reported that eating whole grains daily, such as brown rice or whole-wheat bread, reduces colorectal cancer risk, with the more you eat the lower the risk.   Diet, Nutrition, Physical Activity and Colorectal Cancer also found that the risk of colorectal cancers increases with regular consumption of hot dogs, bacon and other processed meats. A strong evidence that physical activity protects against colon cancer exists. The report is part of the Continuous Update Project (CUP). This project is an ongoing analysis of the global research on how diet, nutrition, physical activity and weight affect cancer risk and survival. Source: http://www.aicr.org/press/press-releases/2017/new-report-whole-grains-link-to-lower-colorectal-cancer-risk-for-first-time.html
A recent mouse study at the UC Davis School of Veterinary Medicine demonstrated that a high-fat, or ketogenic, diet not only increases longevity, but improves physical strength.   Jon Ramsey, senior author of the article in Cell Metabolism (September 2017), said “We expected some differences, but I was impressed by the magnitude we observed — a 13 percent increase in median life span for the mice on a high-fat versus high-carb diet. In humans, that would be seven to 10 years. But equally important, those mice retained quality of health in later life.” Source: https://www.ucdavis.edu/news/eat-fat-live-longer http://www.cell.com/cell-metabolism/fulltext/S1550-4131(17)30490-4
European Medicines Agency (EMA) launches a survey that assesses awareness of patients and doctors about arrangements for reporting of side effects The European Medicines Agency (EMA) has launched a survey. The objective of the survey is to assess the awareness, attitudes and reporting behaviors of patients and healthcare professionals to report adverse drug reactions, including for medicines under ‘additional monitoring’. The questionnaire is available in all official European Union languages. It will be open for responses until 9 October 2017. EMA and the European Commission will analyze the results of the survey and the conclusions will be published in 2018. Source:http://www.ema.europa.eu/ema/index.jsp?curl=pages/news_and_events/news/2017/09/news_detail_002807.jsp&mid=WC0b01ac058004d5c1
14th EASE Conference, Bucharest 2018 The 14th EASE Conference will be held in Bucharest, Romania, 8th-10th June, 2018. The theme for the event will be ‘Balancing Innovation and Tradition in Science Editing’. The theme is relevant to editors in Eastern Europe and the Balkans, but also to editors anywhere working independently or in small offices.   Source: http://www.ease.org.uk/ease-events/14th-ease-conference-bucharest-2018/
First International Health Sciences Congress will be held in Balkan Congress Center, Edirne on 23-25 November 2017. Congress website: http://atuc2017-en.trakya.edu.tr  

Articles See All

Cem Uzun
The primary aim of a good scientific journal should not be to have a high impact factor. Although impact factor is an important journal metric, the main goal of a journal should be to become a high-quality journal. If the scientific quality and the visibility of the articles increase, the impact factor will rise accordingly.
Kenneth Hugdahl
An auditory verbal hallucination (i.e. hearing a voice) is defined as a sensory experience in the absence of a corresponding external sensory source that could explain the phenomenological experience. Using a translational approach, the current status of auditory verbal hallucinations is that they implicate speech perception areas in the left temporal lobe, impairing perception of and attention to external sounds. In this invited review article, I present a translational perspective and overview of our research on auditory hallucinations in schizophrenia at the University of Bergen, Norway, with a focus on the neuronal mechanisms underlying the phenomenology of experiencing "hearing voices". An auditory verbal hallucination (i.e. hearing a voice) is defined as a sensory experience in the absence of a corresponding external sensory source that could explain the phenomenological experience. I suggest a general frame or scheme for the study of auditory verbal hallucinations, called Levels of Explanation. Using a Levels of Explanation approach, mental phenomena can be described and explained at different levels (cultural, clinical, cognitive, brain-imaging, cellular and molecular). Another way of saying this is that, to advance knowledge in a research field, it is not only necessary to replicate findings, but also to show how evidence obtained with one method, and at one level of explanation, converges with evidence obtained with another method at another level. To achieve breakthroughs in our understanding of auditory verbal hallucinations, we have to advance vertically through the various levels, rather than the more common approach of staying at our favourite level and advancing horizontally (e.g., more advanced techniques and data acquisition analyses). The horizontal expansion will, however, not advance a deeper understanding of how an auditory verbal hallucination spontaneously starts and stops. Finally, I present data from the clinical, cognitive, brain-imaging, and cellular levels, where data from one level validate and support data at another level, called converging of evidence. Using a translational approach, the current status of auditory verbal hallucinations is that they implicate speech perception areas in the left temporal lobe, impairing perception of and attention to external sounds. Preliminary results also show that amygdala is implicated in the emotional «colouring» of the voices and that excitatory neurotransmitters might be involved. What we do not know is why hallucinatory episodes occur spontaneously, why they fluctuate over time, and what makes them spontaneously stop. Moreover, is voice hearing a category or dimension in its own right, independent of diagnosis, and why is the auditory modality predominantly implicated in psychotic disorders, while the visual modality dominates in, for example, neurological diseases?
Zorana M. Djordjevic, Marko M. Folic, Slobodan M. Jankovic
This study showed that there is an association between the resistance density of Acinetobacter spp. and utilization of carbapenems, tigecycline and aminoglycosides. A multifaceted intervention is needed to decrease the incidence rate of Acinetobacter and Pseudomonas hospital infections, as well as their resistance density to available antibiotics. Background: The alarming spread of antibiotic-resistant bacteria causing healthcare-associated infections has been extensively reported in recent medical literature. Aims: To compare trends in antimicrobial consumption and development of resistance among isolates of Acinetobacter spp. and Pseudomonas aeruginosa that cause hospital infections. Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Methods: A study was conducted in a tertiary healthcare institution in central Serbia, during the 7-year period between January 2009 and December 2015. The incidence rate of infections caused by Acinetobacter or Pseudomonas, as well as their resistance density to commonly used antibiotics, were calculated. Utilization of antibiotics was expressed as the number of defined daily doses per 1000 patient-days. Results: A statistically significant increase in resistance density in 2015 compared to the first year of observation was noted for Acinetobacter, but not for Pseudomonas, to third-generation cephalosporins (p=0.008), aminoglycosides (p=0.005), carbapenems (p=0.003), piperacillin/tazobactam (p=0.025), ampicillin/sulbactam (p=0.009) and tigecycline (p=0.048). Conclusion: Our study showed that there is an association between the resistance density of Acinetobacter spp. and utilization of carbapenems, tigecycline and aminoglycosides. A multifaceted intervention is needed to decrease the incidence rate of Acinetobacter and Pseudomonas hospital infections, as well as their resistance density to available antibiotics.
Murat Uçar, Ahsen Karagözlü Akgül, Nizamettin Kılıç, et al.
Urethral duplication and megalourethra are rare urethral anomalies. However, the concomitance of urethral duplication and double megalourethra has not been reported previously. The concomitance of these two rare anomalies and more importantly its surgical treatment makes this case report unique and valuable. Background: Urethral duplication and megalourethra are rare urethral anomalies. However, the concomitance of urethral duplication and double megalourethra has not been reported previously.Case Report: A newborn was presented with penile swelling during voiding. Physical examination revealed a retractable foreskin and two external meatus of a double urethra. Retrograde urethrography demonstrated two complete megalourethras. Urethro-urethrostomy and urethroplasty were performed when the patient was 10 months old. The patient was followed up for one year without any urinary problems and has good cosmetics and urinary continence.Conclusion: The concomitance of these two rare anomalies and more importantly its surgical treatment makes this case report unique and valuable.
Grace Xu, Byron H. Gottschalk, Umut Kocabaş, et al.
We thank Dr. Arı and Ekici for using the term Brugada phenocopies in their literature; however, we would like to emphasise that Brugada electrocardiogram patterns induced by sodium channel blockers should not be classified as Brugada phenocopies.

News from Balkan Medical Journal See All

The quality improvement workshop for official journals of Trakya University was held on November 16-17, 2017 at Trakya University. The workshop for editors of eleven journals was conducted in collaboration with the Balkan Medical Journal. The opening speeches were made by Professor Cem Uzun, the president of the workshop and Editor-at-Large of Balkan Medical Journal, and Professor Erhan Tabakoğlu, Rector of Trakya University. Editors of Balkan Medical Journal shared their experiences with other Journal’s editors. Following topics were presented and discussed; How to improve journal quality? (Professor Cem Uzun) Scientific journal management and organization (Professor Zafer Koçak) International scientific publishing standards (Professor Okan Çalıyurt) Relations between Editors and Journal owner (Professor Mustafa İnan) Statistics and good reporting guidelines (Professor Necdet Süt) Publication ethics (Professor Cem Uzun)
At the end of the last year, we, editorial team, decided to redesign our website to better serve our readers, reviewers and authors. After much hard work, we are excited to officially announce the new and improved Balkan Medical Journal website. You can now reach us at http://balkanmedicaljournal.org/ We thought that it was important to renew the website to reach a wider audience. So, we wanted to have good, clear, easy-to-follow navigation throughout our website. The new website will remain both open access and free of article processing charges. We hope that the website will respond better to our readers’ needs and interests. Key features of the new website include: Drop down menus to make easier to navigate and improve content layout and design, Pre-submission inquiry to allow author to have quick feedback from Balkan Medical Journal’s Editors regarding the suitability of a manuscript for the journal, Image corner which is created from clinical images published in the latest issues for teaching and training purposes, News section to stay up-to-date on the latest with health news and health science, Articles section which is composed of selected publications from current issue, Email alert feature to keep you up-to-date with content of the journal, We provide you with necessary information about citing in How to Cite, Advanced Search gives you opportunity to find what you seek more easily, Select articles you want and make the site to show them with View Selected Articles, You can share your favorite articles with your colleagues on social media with Share feature. We would like to thank our publisher, Galenos Publishing House, for their tremendous support and effort. For any questions, suggestions, feedback or comments, please contact us via E-mail. Zafer Koçak Editor in Chief, Balkan Medical Journal Department of Radiation Oncology, Trakya University School of Medicine, Edirne, Turkey Çetin Hakan Karadağ Web Editor, Balkan Medical Journal Department of Pharmacology, Trakya University School of Medicine, Edirne, Turkey