ISSN : 2146-3123
E-ISSN : 2146-3131

Core Professionalism Education in Surgery: A Systematic Review
Akile Sarıoğlu Büke1, Özlem Sürel Karabilgin Öztürkçü2, Yusuf Yılmaz2, İskender Sayek3
1Emeritus Professor of Paediatric Surgery, Pamukkale University School of Medicine, Denizli, Turkey
2Department of Medical Education, Ege University School of Medicine, İzmir, Turkey
3Emeritus Professor of Surgery, Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey
DOI : 10.4274/balkanmedj.2017.0534
Pages : 167-173


Background: Professionalism education is one of the major elements of surgical residency education.
Aims: To evaluate the studies on core professionalism education programs in surgical professionalism education.
Study Design: Systematic review.
Methods: This systematic literature review was performed to analyze core professionalism programs for surgical residency education published in English with at least three of the following features: program developmental model/instructional design method, aims and competencies, methods of teaching, methods of assessment, and program evaluation model or method. A total of 27083 articles were retrieved using EBSCOHOST, PubMed, Science Direct, Web of Science, and manual search.
Results: Eight articles met the selection criteria. The instructional design method was presented in only one article, which described the Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, and Evaluation model. Six articles were based on the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education criterion, although there was significant variability in content. The most common teaching method was role modeling with scenario- and case-based learning. A wide range of assessment methods for evaluating professionalism education were reported. The Kirkpatrick model was reported in one article as a method for program evaluation.
Conclusion: It is suggested that for a core surgical professionalism education program, developmental/instructional design model, aims and competencies, content, teaching methods, assessment methods, and program evaluation methods/models should be well defined, and the content should be comparable.

Keywords : Education, residency, medical, surgical professionalism, systematic review
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